General orthopedics is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of musculoskeletal conditions and injuries. These conditions can affect bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues in the body.
Some common conditions and injuries treated by orthopedic specialists include:
- Arthritis: a condition that causes inflammation and degeneration of the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion.
- Fractures: a break in one or more bones caused by trauma, injury, or disease.
- Dislocations: a condition in which a bone is forced out of its normal position in a joint.
- Sprains: a stretching or tearing of a ligament, which is the tissue that connects bones to each other.
- Strains: a stretching or tearing of a muscle or tendon, which is the tissue that connects muscle to bone.
- Tendinitis: inflammation of a tendon caused by overuse or injury.
- Bursitis: inflammation of a bursa, which are small fluid-filled sacs that cushion and protect the joints.
- Overuse injuries: injuries caused by repetitive motions or prolonged use of a particular body part.
- Trauma injuries: injuries caused by a sudden and severe impact, such as a fall or car accident.
- Degenerative conditions: conditions that occur as a result of the natural wear and tear on the body, such as osteoarthritis and degenerative disc disease.